Anabolic steroids – synthetic version of a hormone that is in all of us – as testosterone. Testosterone is not only conducive to the development of the genital organs, it also also causes muscles to grow. Many of the testosterone, and men’s health can be viewed on our website.
Some people take anabolic steroids in the form of tablets or injections to build muscle faster. Steroids but these also have other effects. They can cause changes in the brain and body, which increases the risk for the disease.
Anabolic steroids make the body stronger?
You may have heard that some athletes use anabolic steroids to gain size and strength. Maybe you even saw an anabolic steroid user develop big muscles and strength with less time. But while anabolic steroids can cause some people appear stronger on the outer side, they may create weaknesses on the inside.
For example, anabolic steroids can weaken the immune system, protect the body against germs and disease. They can also damage the liver or cancer, even in young people.
They can also completely stop bone growth during adolescence. This means that the teenager was taking steroids can no longer grow, and its full growth in the future will not match the growth of an adult.
Effects on Brain
Steroids can cause changes in mood, such as feelings of depression and irritability. Also can cause aggressive behavior indeed. Some bursts can be so severe, they have become known in the media as a “blind rage.”
Anabolic steroids can “confuse the brain and body”
In your body testosterone production under the control of nerve cells in the base of the brain called the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus also does a lot of other things. It helps control appetite, blood pressure, mood, and reproductive capacity. Anabolic steroids can alter the signals which are sent to the hypothalamus body. This can interfere with normal hormonal function.
Guys, anabolic steroids can interfere with normal testosterone production. They can also act directly on the testicles and lead them in “distress.” This may reduce the number of spermatozoa and their activity in the whole of the reproductive ability.
They can also cause irreversible changes in girls and women. Lead to loss of hair on the head, growth of body and facial hair and deepening of the voice. These changes are irreversible.
Anabolic steroids in medicine
Doctors do not prescribe anabolic steroids to increase muscle mass in young, healthy people. But doctors sometimes prescribe anabolic steroids to treat certain types of anemia or disorders in men that prevent normal production of testosterone.
Interesting information can be found in the video in the article “How to recover faster after a workout?”
Anoxic brain injury occurs when the brain is not getting enough oxygen for several minutes or more. Without oxygen, brain cells begin to die in about four minutes.
Causes of anoxic brain damage
Anoxic brain damage can occur in the following cases:
- Oxygenated blood can reach the brain (for example, when a clot prevents blood flow to the brain, or when the blood pressure is too low, e.g., during shock or congestive heart failure);
- The blood that reaches the brain, does not contain enough oxygen (for example, lung diseases enough oxygenated blood);
- Exposure to poisons or other toxins that reduce the oxygen content in the blood (eg, carbon monoxide poisoning).
Accidents and health problems that increase the risk of anoxic brain damage:
- Heart failure;
- Electrical shock;
- Faulty gas equipment, which is produced when carbon monoxide (CO);
- Heart attack;
- Cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat);
- Brain tumor ;
- Drug use.
Symptoms of anoxic brain damage
Recovery from anoxic brain damage may be accompanied by problems and can take a long time. The chances of recovery depend on how long the victim has been subjected to the absence or low oxygen supply. Severe damage can lead to a coma or vegetative state. After moderate anoxic brain damage may occur:
- Reduced concentration and attention span;
- Mood swings and / or change in mental status;
- Volatile loss of consciousness;
- Parkinson’s disease, a syndrome;
- Abnormal muscle twitching.
Most people with mild brain injury usually recover much of their neurologic function, or learn to live successfully with emerging disabilities.
Diagnosis of anoxic brain damage
The doctor asks about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. You may need to see a doctor who specializes in brain problems.
Analyses that allow to know the extent of damage and to determine the part of the brain that has been damaged:
- Computed tomography of the head – an X-ray that uses a computer to make detailed images of the brain;
- MRI scan – a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of structures inside the head;
- Electroencephalogram (EEG) – a test which measures the electrical activity of the various parts of the brain;
- SPECT scan – type of CT scan that examines blood flow and metabolism in the brain;
- The tests used to assess the visual, auditory and sensory perceptions.
Treatment of anoxic brain damage
Treatment of anoxic brain damage depends on the cause. Initially, barbiturates may be used to slow down the brain activity. Steroids and other drugs can be used to reduce swelling, which occurs when the injury of brain tissue. This can help limit the degree of brain damage. The doctor also appoints pure oxygen to provide them with the brain. brain cooling can be used to help limit brain damage. In addition, a hyperbaric oxygen treatment may be used in cases of hypoxia, the inhalation of carbon monoxide.
During the rehabilitation of the victim and his family will work with the following physicians:
- Physiotherapist – helps to restore motor skills, such as walking;
- occupational therapists – working to improve everyday skills such as dressing and going to the toilet;
- Speech – the work on the problems with speech;
- Neurologist – tips on behavior and treatment of emotional problems associated with the trauma.
Recovery can take months or even years. In many cases, complete recovery is never achieved. In general, the sooner rehabilitation starts, the better the result.
The doctor can make an appointment the following medicines:
- Antiepileptic drugs – to treat ongoing seizures;
- Clonazepam (eg, Klonopin) – for the treatment of muscle cramps.
Prevention of anoxic brain damage
To reduce the risk of brain damage, it is necessary:
- Carefully chew food;
- Learn to swim;
- Supervise young children alongside a water;
- Stay away from high-voltage electrical sources (including protected against lightning);
- Avoid chemical toxins and drug use;
- Check for gas burning appliances and devices that produce carbon monoxide and install carbon monoxide detectors.